TekBytz

Archive for October, 2008

Customizing / Automating windows installation with nLite/vLite

by on Oct.26, 2008, under Windows

Installation of windows will not be a new thing for one who owns a laptop/computer with Windows OS running on it. This comes true when coming to re-installation too. Here is a way where you can make your installation much easier. A freeware tool nLite or vLite can be used to customize your windows installation to make it easier.

Advantages of nLite and vLite:

  1. These software are freewares.
  2. Windows service packs can be slipstream to the original installation disk
  3. The hot fix or patches can be integrated.
  4. Drivers can be integrated
  5. Customized boot can be created.]
  6. Installation can be made unattended by giving default values.
  7. Windows installation components can be added / removed.
  8. Registry tweaks can be done before installation.
  9. Burn it into a bootable image file or CD.
  10. Saves installation time and reduces manual intervention

Freeware usage:

nLite -> Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows 2003

vLite -> Windows Vista, Windows 2008

*All editions of the above OS is supported.

How to use it?

  1. Download nLite or vLite from their official websites.
  2. Install the nLite/vLite package.
  3. Choose the location of original windows installation disk.
  4. Choose the modification that needs to be done in windows installation in the tabs Integrate/Remove/Setup/Create.
  5. Provide all the inputs as a part of customization.
  6. Finally burn it to CD/DVD.
  7. Use it for your future installation.

Note: The developers claim that not to get support from Microsoft for any installation errors which is created by nLite/vLite.

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Connecting to a hidden administrative default share in Windows Vista

by on Oct.11, 2008, under Windows

In windows vista by default the hidden default shares like c$, ADMIN$, IPC$ and Print$ are disabled due to User Account Control (UAC) feature avoiding it to be connected in the network. So when you try to connect from other computers in the network you might possibly get the below errors.

Logon unsuccessful:
Windows is unable to log you on.
Make sure that your user name and password are correct.

You may get the below error when you try to connect using “Net Use” command:

System error 5
has occurred. Access is denied.

How to get rid of it?

There are 2 solution for this problem

  1. You can create an explicit share of the required device.
  2. You can modify the registry to enable LocalAccountTokenFilterPolicy key.

Creating explicit share for the device:

  1. Open Explorer
  2. Choose the folder or drive
  3. Right click on the folder or drive and click on share
  4. If you have password protected sharing enabled, select which users can access the shared folder and their permission level. To let all users have access, select Everyone in the list of users. By default, the permission level is “Reader.” Users who have this permission level cannot change files or create new files in the share. To let a user change files, change folders, create new files, and create new folders, use the “Co-owner” permission level.
    If you have password protected sharing disabled, select the Guest account or the Everyone account. This is the same as simple sharing in Windows XP.
  5. Click on share and then press OK

This method is safe and can be done by beginners.

Modify registry to enable LocalAccountTokenFilterPolicy Key:

Here is also an alternate which requires some expertize in the operating system. Here are the steps.

  1. In Run prompt type regedit to open registry editor
  2. Browse through the following sub key
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESOFTWAREMicrosoftWindowsCurrentVersionPoliciesSystem
  3. Create a new entry with the below information
    Key Name : LocalAccountTokenFilterPolicy
    Key Type : DWORD (32-bit)
    Key Value : 1
  4. Exit registry editor.

To disable this option modify the registry key value to 0.

Warning: If you are trying out this method user need to have a knowledge on windows registry. If some of the keys are modified incorrectly it may cause a serious problem to the operation system for proper functioning. Backup registry before doing any changes.

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